The Incredible Human Journey

以下是lady&bird老师总结的该系列纪录片与托福考试阅读、听力题材千丝万缕的联系。

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 Come with me in the footsteps of our ancestors

on the most epic adventure ever undertaken!

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人类是如何抵达世界各地的?怀揣最新科学研究成果所昭示的线索,Alice Roberts博士重走了我们伟大祖先的光荣之路。数千年前,我们祖先的一支,现代智人,走出非洲大陆进入未知领域。他们的后代,走过炽热无边的沙漠,穿过茂密潮湿的雨林,越过贫瘠荒芜的冻土,不惜一切代价渡过烟波浩渺的海洋,最终创造出了灿烂辉煌的人类古代文明。

在短短6000年内,他们的足迹已遍布全球。他们是如何做到的?而我们,作为他们的后代,为什么又如此形态各异?而作为人类种族的唯一一支存活下来又意味着什么?

经过从基因,化石,考古,气象等各方面取证分析,Alice Roberts博士找出了我们的祖先走向世界的5条史诗般的路线,以及他们一路上遇到的各种艰难险阻。这将揭示出人类的这一支是如何发展壮大遍及全球,并最终创造出如此绚丽多彩的一个世界。虽然我们有很多不同,但同时,Alice博士又向我们展示出了我们之间又是如何惊人的相似。

 

How did we get here? Following a trail of clues from the latest scientific research, Dr Alice Roberts re-traces the greatest ever journey taken by our ancestors. Thousands of years ago one small group of our species, Homo sapiens, crossed out of Africa and into the unknown. Their descendants faced baking deserts, sweat-soaked jungles and frozen wildernesses and risked everything on the vast empty ocean.

Within 60,000 years they colonised the whole world… How did they do it? Why do we, their descendants all look so different? And what did we have that meant we were the only human species to survive?

Using the evidence from genetics, fossils, archaeology and climatology, Dr Alice Roberts uncovers five epic routes our ancestors took across the globe and the obstacles and brutal challenges they encountered along the way. It reveals how our family tree grew and spread out across the world, producing all the variety we see in the human species today – but despite all that diversity, Alice reveals how astonishingly closely related we all are.

Part 1: Out of Africa
Esp. 1.Out of Africa.

Alice travels to Africa in search of the birthplace of the first people. They were so few in number and so vulnerable that today they would probably be considered an endangered species. So what allowed them to survive at all? The Bushmen of the Kalahari have some answers – the unique design of the human body made them efficient hunters and the ancient click language of the Bushmen points to an early ability to organise and plan.
Humans survived there, but Africa was to all intents and purposes a sealed continent. So how and by what route did humans make it out of Africa? Astonishing genetic evidence reveals that everyone alive today who is not African descends from just one successful, tiny group which left the continent in a single crossing, an event that may have happened around 70 thousand years ago. But how did they do it? Alice goes searching for clues in the remote Arabian Desert.

Part 2: Asia
Esp. 2. Asia.

In this programme, the journey continues into Asia, the world’s greatest land mass, in a quest to discover how early hunter-gatherers managed to survive in one of the most inhospitable places on earth – the Arctic region of Northern Siberia. Alice meets the nomadic Evenki people, whose lives are dictated by reindeer, both wild and domesticated, and discovers that the survival techniques of this very ancient people have been passed down through generations. Alice also explores what may have occurred during human migration to produce Chinese physical characteristics, and considers a controversial claim about Chinese evolution: that the Chinese do not share the same African ancestry as other peoples.

Part 3: Europe
Esp. 3. Europe.

When our species first arrived in Europe, the peak of the Ice Age was approaching and the continent was already crawling with a rival: stronger, at home in the cold and even (contrary to their popular image) brainier than us. So how did the European pioneers survive first the Neanderthals and then the deep freeze as they pushed across the continent?
Alice Roberts reconstructs the head of the ‘first European’ to come face to face with one of our ancestors; she discovers how art became crucial for survival in the face of Neanderthal competition; and what happened to change the skin colour of these European pioneers from black to white.
Finally, spectacular new finds on the edge of Europe suggest that the first known temples may have been a spark for a huge revolution in our ancestors’ way of life – agriculture.

Part 4: Australia
Esp. 4. Australia.

Alice looks at our ancestors’ seemingly impossible journey to Australia. Miraculously preserved footprints and very old human fossils buried in the outback suggest a mystery: that humans reached Australia almost before anywhere else. How could they have travelled so far from Africa, crossing the open sea on the way, and do it thousands of years before they made it to Europe?
The evidence trail is faint and difficult to pick up, but Alice takes on the challenge. In India, new discoveries among the debris of a super volcano hint that our species started the journey much earlier than previously thought, while in Malaysia, genetics points to an ancient trail still detectable in the DNA of tribes today.
Alice travels deep into the Asian rainforests in search of the first cavemen of Borneo and tests out a Stone Age raft to see whether sea travel would have been possible thousands of years ago, before coming to a powerful conclusion.

Part 5: The Americas
Esp.5. The Americas

Alice tries to find out how Stone Age people reached North and South America for the first time. She finds out about an ancient corridor through the Canadian ice sheet that might have allowed the first humans through. Old finds in Chile though point to a whole different route for the first humans making it there.

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